Eat Fruit and Veggies to Cut Lung Cancer Risk
five portions of fruit and vegetables per day is one of the means
that experts most frequently recommend for preventing cancer.
of 2010, the European EPIC study carried out by researchers from ten
countries showed that, in the case of lung cancer, the important thing
is not just the quantity but also the variety of fruit consumed, which
can reduce the risk by up to 23%.
research looks more deeply into the relationship between diet and
lung cancer", María José Sánchez Pérez,
co-author of the study and director of the Granada Cancer Registry
at the Andalusian School of Public Health, tells SINC.
"Aside from the amount consumed, it's also important to take
into account the variety. A varied diet reduces the risk of developing
this cancer, above all in smokers".
of this study, which have been published in the journal Cancer
Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, show that eating "more
than eight sub-groups" of vegetables cuts this risk by 23% compared
with eating "less than four sub-groups". In addition, this
risk falls by a further 4% for each unit added to the diet from another
significant link was only found in smokers", the researcher
stresses. "For every two additional units of different kinds
of fruits and vegetables in the diet, the risk of lung cancer falls
significantly by 3%. So if smokers increase the variety of fruit
they eat they could have a lower risk of developing this type of
Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) involves
23 centres from 10 European countries (Germany, Denmark, Spain, France,
Greece, Holland, Italy, Norway, the United Kingdom and Sweden, working
with a sample of 500,000 European subjects (41,000 of whom live in
the Spanish regions of Asturias, Granada, Guipúzcoa, Murcia
cancer continues to be one of the most common cancers in developed
countries. For this reason, despite the encouraging results of this
study, Sánchez Pérez concludes that "the most effective
way of preventing it continues to be reducing the prevalence of tobacco
consumption among the populace".
EFFECT BY TYPE OF CANCEROUS TISSUE
variety in fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with a lower
risk of developing epidermoid carcinoma of the lung, with an additional
two units of fruit and vegetable consumption leading to a 9% reduction
in risk. This effect is clearer among smokers (where the risk falls
association between fruit and vegetable consumption and the risk of
developing lung cancer was seen for the other kinds of tissues affected
(adenocarcinoma and small and large cell carcinoma).
Throughout this website, statements are made pertaining to the properties
and/or functions of food and/or nutritional products. These statements
have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and
these materials and products are not intended to diagnose, treat,
cure or prevent any disease.